Expert Search Tips
An Expert Search lets you do a precision search using a combination of
keywords, search types, search operators, and parentheses.
Example: s:love & a:Shakespeare
...where "s:" and "a:" are search types; "love" and "Shakespeare" are keywords; and "&" is a search operator that means "
Keywords are words found in any field that has been indexed for searches.
With keywords, you can specify left, right, or medial truncation and
wild card searches.
Example: Use an asterisk (*) to designate one or more characters:
Ho* Virtua will find hose, host, hostess, etc.
Wa*n Virtua will find walton, warden, Washington, etc.
Example: Use a question mark (?) to designate a single character.
Use two question marks to designate two characters, and so forth:
Ho? Virtua will find hop, hog, hot, etc.
Wa?n Virtua will find warn
w??en Virtua will find women, woven, Woden, etc.
pa: personal name
ca: corporate name
tse: series title
pp: place of publication
aw: anywhere (ALL indexed fields)
nc: nature of content
a:Twain or a:"Mark Twain"
t:Paradise or t:"Paradise lost"
- AND NOT
&xx Proximity, where x is a number that represents the number
of characters between the search words.
Example: t:cat &3 t:behavior
will find Cat within 3 characters of the term
behavior in any title. The search string would return:
Notes concerning proximity searching
- It is possible within ONE category only.
- It is possible between TWO terms only.
- The search operator OR has no inherent value in a proximity search
between two terms. Use OR only in a query string that contains parentheses.
- For a combination of terms, there is not operator precedence.